Four supernova images in an Einstein cross

This image shows four different images of the same supernova whose light has been distorted and magnified by the huge galaxy cluster MACS J1149+2223 in front of it.

The huge mass of the cluster and one of the galaxies within it is bending the light from a supernova behind them and creating four separate images of the supernova. The light has been magnified and distorted due to gravitational lensing and as a result the images are arranged around the elliptical galaxy in a formation known as an Einstein cross.

Credit:

NASA, ESA, S. Rodney (John Hopkins University, USA) and the FrontierSN team; T. Treu (University of California Los Angeles, USA), P. Kelly (University of California Berkeley, USA) and the GLASS team; J. Lotz (STScI) and the Frontier Fields team; M. Postman (STScI) and the CLASH team; and Z. Levay (STScI)

About the Image

Id:heic1505c
Type:Observation
Release date:5 March 2015, 20:00
Related releases:heic1505
Size:940 x 940 px

About the Object

Name:MACS J1149+2223
Type:Early Universe : Star : Evolutionary Stage : Supernova
Early Universe : Galaxy : Grouping : Cluster
Constellation:Leo
Category:Galaxies
Stars

Image Formats

Large JPEG
267.8 KB
Screensize JPEG
226.2 KB

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Coordinates

Position (RA):11 49 35.46
Position (Dec):22° 23' 43.65"
Field of view:0.09 x 0.09 arcminutes
Orientation:North is 0.5° left of vertical


Colours & filters

BandWavelengthTelescope
Optical606 nm Hubble Space Telescope
ACS
Infrared
I
814 nm Hubble Space Telescope
ACS
Infrared
Y
1.05 μm Hubble Space Telescope
WFC3
Infrared
J
1.25 μm Hubble Space Telescope
WFC3
Infrared
J
1.4 μm Hubble Space Telescope
WFC3
Infrared
H
1.6 μm Hubble Space Telescope
WFC3

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