Artist’s Impression of PDS 70b

This illustration of the newly forming exoplanet PDS 70b shows how material may be falling onto the giant world as it builds up mass. By employing Hubble’s ultraviolet light (UV) sensitivity, researchers got a unique look at radiation from extremely hot gas falling onto the planet, allowing them to directly measure the planet’s mass growth rate for the first time.

The planet PDS 70b is encircled by its own gas-and-dust disk that’s siphoning material from the vastly larger circumstellar disk in this solar system. The researchers hypothesize that magnetic field lines extend from its circumplanetary disk down to the exoplanet’s atmosphere and are funneling material onto the planet’s surface. The illustration shows one possible magnetospheric accretion configuration, but the magnetic field’s detailed geometry requires future work to probe.

The remote world has already bulked up to five times the mass of Jupiter over a period of about 5 million years, but is anticipated to be in the tail end of its formation process. PDS 70b orbits the orange dwarf star PDS 70 approximately 370 light-years from Earth in the constellation Centaurus.

Credit:

NASA, ESA, STScI, Joseph Olmsted (STScI)

About the Image

NASA press release
Id:opo2121a
Type:Artwork
Release date:29 April 2021, 20:32
Size:3840 x 2160 px

About the Object

Category:Illustrations

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