WASP-121 b weather patterns (slowed)

This video shows the weather patterns on the exoplanet WASP-121 b, also known as Tylos. This video has been slowed down to show the patterns in the exoplanet’s atmosphere in more detail.

An international team of astronomers assembled and reprocessed Hubble observations of the exoplanet made in the years 2016, 2018 and 2019. This provided them with a unique dataset that allowed them not only to analyse the atmosphere of WASP-121 b, but also to compare the state of the exoplanet’s atmosphere across several years. They found clear evidence that the observations of WASP-121 b were varying in time. The team then used sophisticated modelling techniques to demonstrate that these temporal variations could be explained by weather patterns in the exoplanet's atmosphere, as seen here.

The science team’s models indicated that their results could be explained by quasi-periodic weather patterns, specifically massive cyclones that are repeatedly created and destroyed as a result of the huge temperature difference between the star-facing and dark side of the exoplanet. This result represents a significant step forward in potentially observing weather patterns on exoplanets.


 NASA, ESA, Q. Changeat et al., M. Zamani (ESA/Hubble)

About the Video

Release date:4 January 2024, 16:00
Related releases:heic2401
Duration:01 m 24 s
Frame rate:25 fps

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